See also

Family of William David Sadler Bowtle and Hannah Laver

Husband: William David Sadler Bowtle

  • Name:

  • William David Sadler Bowtle3,4,5,6

  • Sex:

  • Male

  • Father:

  • William Sadler (1836?- )

  • Mother:

  • Mary Ann Bowtle (1838?-1870)

  • Occupation:

  •  

  • agricultural labourer then a straw / hay binder1,6,7,8,9,10

  • Birth:

  • 9 Aug 1861

  • Bradwell-on-Sea, Essex, England1,4,7,8,9,10,11

  • Baptism:

  • 24 Nov 1861 (age 0)

  • St. Thomas's Church, High Street, Bradwell-on-Sea, Essex, England1,5

  •  

  • son of Mary Anne Bowtle of Bradwell on Sea

  • Census:

  • 2 Apr 1871 (age 9)

  • Bradwell Street, Bradwell-on-Sea, Essex, England11

  •  

  • son as William Sadler attending school and living with his father, three siblings and a lodger. Born in Bradwell-on-Sea Essex

  • Census:

  • 3 Apr 1881 (age 19)

  • Bradwell Street, Bradwell-on-Sea, Essex, England12

  •  

  • Nephew aged 19, working as an agricultural labourer. Born in Bradwell-next-Sea, living with uncle

  • Census:

  • 5 Apr 1891 (age 29)

  • East Ware, Dengie, Essex, England7

  •  

  • married head of the household working as an agricultural labourer and living with his wife Hannah, daughters Alice, Annie and Lizzie, son William and a lodger. Born in Bradwell on Sea Essex

  • Census:

  • 31 Mar 1901 (age 39)

  • Groves Farm, Dengie, Essex, England8

  •  

  • married head of the household working as a straw binder and living in four rooms with his wife Hannah, sons William and David, and daughters Annie, Lizzie, Rachel and Martha. Born in Bradwell on Sea Essex

  • Census:

  • 2 Apr 1911 (age 49)

  • Bradwell Road, Tillingham, Essex, England9

  •  

  • married head of the household working as a hay binder and living in five rooms with his wife, two sons and two daughters. Born in Bradwell-on-Sea Essex

  • Witness:

  • 6 Feb 1926 (age 64)

  • William David Sadler Bowtle witnessed the marriage of David Bowtle and Lucy May Pratley on Saturday on 6 February 1926 in Holy Trinity Church, Church Street, Rayleigh, Essex, England

  • Census:

  • 29 Sep 1939 (age 78)

  • Stow Cottage, Bradwell Road, Tillingham, Essex, England10

  •  

  • a married agricultural labourer living with his wife, daughter Martha, son John and a closed record. Born on 9th August 1861

  • Death:

  • Feb 1944 (age 82)

  • Maldon "Registration District", Essex, England13,14,15

  • Burial:

  • 22 Feb 1944

  • St. Nicholas's Church, The Square, Tillingham, Essex, England15

  •  

  • aged 82 and of North Street Tillingham

Wife: Hannah Laver

  • Name:

  • Hannah Laver1,8

  • Sex:

  • Female

  • Father:

  • -

  • Mother:

  • -

  • Birth:

  • 16 Mar 1866

  • Bradwell-on-Sea, Essex, England7,8,9,10

  • Census:

  • 3 Apr 1881 (age 15)

  • East End Road, Bradwell-on-Sea, Essex, England16

  •  

  • aged 15, Keeper Parent ? House. Born in Bradwell Essex living with father.

  • Census:

  • 5 Apr 1891 (age 25)

  • East Ware, Dengie, Essex, England7

  •  

  • married wife living with her husband William, daughters Alice, Annie and Lizzie, son William and a lodger. Born in Bradwell on Sea Essex

  • Census:

  • 31 Mar 1901 (age 35)

  • Groves Farm, Dengie, Essex, England8

  •  

  • married wife living in four rooms with her husband William, sons William and David, and daughters Annie, Lizzie, Rachel and Martha. Born in Bradwell on Sea, Essex

  • Census:

  • 2 Apr 1911 (age 45)

  • Bradwell Road, Tillingham, Essex, England9

  •  

  • married wife living in five rooms with her husband, two daughters and two sons. Born in Bradwell-on-Sea Essex

  • Census:

  • 29 Sep 1939 (age 73)

  • Stow Cottage, Bradwell Road, Tillingham, Essex, England10

  •  

  • married doing unpaid home duties and living with her husband, daughter Martha, son John and a closed record. Born on 16th March 1866

  • Death:

  • Jun 1941 (age 74)

  • Maldon "Registration District", Essex, England14,17,18

  • Burial:

  • 7 Jun 1941

  • St. Nicholas's Church, The Square, Tillingham, Essex, England18

  •  

  • aged 74 and of North Street

Child 1: Alice Mary Bowtle

  • Name:

  • Alice Mary Bowtle1,19

  • Sex:

  • Female

  • Spouse:

  • Albert George Grimwade (1879- )

  • Birth:

  • Q1 1885

  • Dengie, Essex, England1,7,19,20

  • Baptism:

  • 19 Apr 1885 (age 0)

  • St. Thomas's Church, High Street, Bradwell-on-Sea, Essex, England1

  •  

  • Parents from Tillingham Essex

  • Census:

  • 5 Apr 1891 (age 6)

  • East Ware, Dengie, Essex, England7

  •  

  • daughter attending school and living with her parents William and Hannah, sisters Annie and Lizzie, brother William and a lodger. Born in Dengie Essex

  • Census:

  • 2 Apr 1911 (age 26)

  • High Street, Burnham-on-Crouch, Essex, England20

  •  

  • married wife living in five rooms with her husband and two daughters. Born in Dengi Essex. married for three years with two children both still living (address on cover is High Street, address on sheet is Silver Road)

Child 2: William James Bowtle

  • Name:

  • William James Bowtle1,21

  • Sex:

  • Male

  • Birth:

  • Q3 1886

  • Dengie, Essex, England1,7,8,21

  • Baptism:

  • 22 Aug 1886 (age 0)

  • St. Thomas's Church, High Street, Bradwell-on-Sea, Essex, England1

  •  

  • Parents from Tillingham Essex

  • Census:

  • 5 Apr 1891 (age 4)

  • East Ware, Dengie, Essex, England7

  •  

  • son living with his parents William and Hannah, sisters Alice, Annie and Lizzie, and a lodger. Born in Dengie Essex

  • Census:

  • 31 Mar 1901 (age 14)

  • Groves Farm, Dengie, Essex, England8

  •  

  • unmarried son working as a straw binder and living in four rooms with his parents William and Hannah, brother David, and sisters Annie, Lizzie, Rachel and Martha. Born in Dengie Essex

  • Death:

  • Q2 1940 (age 53)

  • Rochford "Registration District", Essex, England22

Child 3: Anne Bowtle

  • Name:

  • Anne Bowtle23

  • Sex:

  • Female

  • Nickname:

  • Annie

  • Occupation:

  •  

  • domestic servant24

  • Birth:

  • Q1 1888

  • Dengie, Essex, England7,8,23,24

  • Census:

  • 5 Apr 1891 (age 3)

  • East Ware, Dengie, Essex, England7

  •  

  • daughter living with her parents William and Hannah, sisters Alice and Lizzie, brother William and a lodger. Born in Dengie Essex

  • Census:

  • 31 Mar 1901 (age 13)

  • Groves Farm, Dengie, Essex, England8

  •  

  • daughter as Annie living in four rooms with her parents William and Hannah, brothers William and David, and sisters Lizzie, Rachel and Martha. Born in Dengie Essex

  • Census:

  • 2 Apr 1911 (age 23)

  • 1 Meteor Road, Westcliff-on-Sea, Essex, England24

  •  

  • unmarried servant working as a domestic servant and living in eight rooms with Henry Lawrence Davis and famiy. Born in Dengie Essex

  • Death:

  • May 1919 (age 31)

  • Bedford "Registration District", Bedfordshire, England25,26,27,28

  • Burial:

  • 28 May 1919

  • St. Nicholas's Church, The Square, Tillingham, Essex, England27,28

  •  

  • aged 31 of 32 Park Avenue Bedford

Child 4: George Bowtle

  • Name:

  • George Bowtle23

  • Sex:

  • Male

  • Birth:

  • Q1 1888

  • Maldon "Registration District", Essex, England23

  • Death:

  • Q1 1888 (age 0)

  • Maldon "Registration District", Essex, England29

Child 5: Lizzie Bowtle

  • Name:

  • Lizzie Bowtle30

  • Sex:

  • Female

  • Spouse:

  • Arthur Charles Nunn (1891-1934)

  • Occupation:

  •  

  • domestic servant31

  • Birth:

  • 15 Sep 1890

  • East Ware, Dengie, Essex, England7,8,31,32,33,34

  • Census:

  • 5 Apr 1891 (age 6 mns)

  • East Ware, Dengie, Essex, England7

  •  

  • daughter and living with her parents William and Hannah, sisters Alice and Annie, brother William and a lodger. Born in Dengie Essex

  • Census:

  • 31 Mar 1901 (age 10)

  • Groves Farm, Dengie, Essex, England8

  •  

  • daughter living in four rooms with her parents William and Hannah, brothers William and David, and sisters Annie, Rachel and Martha. Born in Dengie Essex

  • Census:

  • 2 Apr 1911 (age 22)

  • Milton House, Station Road, Southend-on-Sea, Essex, England31

  •  

  • unmarried servant as Lizzie Boutle living in eleven rooms with George Brown and family and another servant. Born in East Ware Dengie Essex

  • Census:

  • 29 Sep 1939 (age 49)

  • 6 Council Cottage, Dengie, Essex, England33

  •  

  • widowed doing unpaid domestic duties and living with sons George and William, daughters Ellen and Florence and a closed record (presumably daughter Ivy). Born on 15th September 1890

  • Death:

  • Aug 1984 (age 93)

  • Chelmsford "Registration District", Essex, England34

Child 6: Sarah Bowtle

  • Name:

  • Sarah Bowtle35

  • Sex:

  • Female

  • Birth:

  • Q1 1892

  • Maldon "Registration District", Essex, England36

  • Death:

  • Q3 1892 (age 0)

  • Maldon "Registration District", Essex, England35

Child 7: David Bowtle

  • Name:

  • David Bowtle37,38

  • Sex:

  • Male

  • Spouse:

  • Lucy May Pratley (1906-1982)

  • Occupation:

  •  

  • hay binder then a labourer9,38,39

  • Birth:

  • 6 Jan 1895

  • Tillingham, Essex, England8,9,37,38,39

  • Census:

  • 31 Mar 1901 (age 6)

  • Groves Farm, Dengie, Essex, England8

  •  

  • son living in four rooms with his parents William and Hannah, brother William, and sisters Annie, Lizzie, Rachel and Martha. Born in Tillingham Essex

  • Census:

  • 2 Apr 1911 (age 15)

  • Bradwell Road, Tillingham, Essex, England9

  •  

  • unmarried son working as a hay binder and living in five rooms with his with parents, a brother and two sisters. Born in Tillingham Essex

  • Military Beginning:

  • 9 Nov 1914 (age 19)

  • Bradwell Road, Tillingham, Essex, England40

  •  

  • Regt. No. 2499 ??Bn Essex Regt.

  • Military Ending:

  • 2 Aug 1919 (age 24)

  •  

  •  

  • 2499 Pte Essex\Regt.

    26 7289 Gloucester\Regt.

     

    Awarded Victory and Britisha medals.

  • Address:

  • 6 Feb 1926 (age 31)

  • Rayleigh, Essex, England38

  • Census:

  • 29 Sep 1939 (age 44)

  • 44 Weir Gardens, Rayleigh, Essex, England39

  •  

  • a married general labourer (heavy worker) living with his wife and a closed record (presumably son Anthony). Born on 6th January 1895

  • Death:

  • Q1 1944 (age 49)

  • Rochford "Registration District", Essex, England41

Child 8: Martha Bowtle

  • Name:

  • Martha Bowtle42,43

  • Sex:

  • Female

  • Occupation:

  •  

  • agricultural labourer10

  • Birth:

  • 12 Jun 1897

  • Tillingham, Essex, England8,9,10,25,42,43,44

  • Census:

  • 31 Mar 1901 (age 3)

  • Groves Farm, Dengie, Essex, England8

  •  

  • daughter living in four rooms with her parents William and Hannah, brothers William and David, and sisters Annie, Lizzie and Martha. Born in Tillingham Essex

  • Census:

  • 2 Apr 1911 (age 13)

  • Bradwell Road, Tillingham, Essex, England9

  •  

  • daughter living in five rooms with her parents, two brothers and a sisters. Born in Tillingham Essex

  • Census:

  • 29 Sep 1939 (age 42)

  • Stow Cottage, Bradwell Road, Tillingham, Essex, England10

  •  

  • an unmarried farm field worker living with her parents, brother John and a closed record. Born on 12th June 1897

  • Death:

  • 4 Apr 1981 (age 83)

  • Chelmsford "Registration District", Essex, England43,44

  • Burial:

  • Apr 1981

  • St. Nicholas's Church, The Square, Tillingham, Essex, England45

Child 9: Rachel Bowtle

  • Name:

  • Rachel Bowtle42,46

  • Sex:

  • Female

  • Spouse:

  • Henry Eeles (1895-1971)

  • Birth:

  • 12 Jun 1897

  • Tillingham, Essex, England8,9,42,47,48,49

  • Census:

  • 31 Mar 1901 (age 3)

  • Groves Farm, Dengie, Essex, England8

  •  

  • daughter living in four rooms with her parents William and Hannah, brothers William and David, and sisters Annie, Lizzie and Rachel. Born in Tillingham Essex

  • Census:

  • 2 Apr 1911 (age 13)

  • Bradwell Road, Tillingham, Essex, England9

  •  

  • daughter living in five rooms with her parents, two brothers and a sisters. Born in Tillingham Essex

  • Census:

  • 29 Sep 1939 (age 42)

  • 11 Foundry Terrace, Maldon, Essex, England48

  •  

  • married doing unpaid domestic duties and living with her husband and daughter Louisa. Born on 12th June 1897

  • Death:

  • Q1 1972 (age 74)

  • Maldon "Registration District", Essex, England49

Child 10: John Bowtle

  • Name:

  • John Bowtle50,51

  • Sex:

  • Male

  • Occupation:

  •  

  • agricultural labourer10

  • Birth:

  • 13 Nov 1902

  • Dengie, Essex, England9,10,44,47,50,51

  •  

  • Maldon 4a 738

  • Census:

  • 2 Apr 1911 (age 8)

  • Bradwell Road, Tillingham, Essex, England9

  •  

  • son living in five rooms with his parents, a brother and two sisters. Born in Dengie Essex

  • Census:

  • 29 Sep 1939 (age 36)

  • Stow Cottage, Bradwell Road, Tillingham, Essex, England10

  •  

  • an unmarried agricultural labourer living with his parents, sister Martha and a closed record. Born on 13th November 1902

  • Death:

  • 5 Feb 1980 (age 77)

  • Tillingham, Essex, England45,51

  • Burial:

  • Feb 1980

  • St. Nicholas's Church, The Square, Tillingham, Essex, England45

Note on Wife: Hannah Laver

Hannah's father was James Laver (1831-?)

Sources

1.

Colchester Record Office Parish Records. Cit. Date: 10 February 1998. Colchester Record Office, Colchester, Essex, England.

2.

England and Wales Marriage Index 1837 - 2005, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk and www.findmypast.co.uk). Maldon 1884 quarter:1 volume:4a page:369.

3.

Colchester Record Office Parish Records. Colchester Record Office, Colchester, Essex, England.

4.

England and Wales Birth Index 1837 - 2019, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk, www.findmypast.co.uk and www.gro.gov.uk). Maldon 1861 quarter:3 volume:4a page:197. Cit. Date: 5 December 2017.

5.

Seax - Essex Record Office Parish Records, ( on-line at www.essexcc.gov.uk). St. Thomas Bradwell-juxta-Mare baptisms 1857-1925 ref:D/P 51/1/13 image:. Cit. Date: 5 December 2017.

6.

Marriage Certificate. son David. Family Archive, Held by David and Sue Wilkinson.

7.

Census 1891, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk and www.findmypast.co.uk). class:RG12 piece:1396 folio:59 page:14. Cit. Date: 14 November 2019.

8.

Census 1901, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk and www.findmypast.co.uk). class:RG13 piece:1689 folio:55 page:10. Cit. Date: 22 February 2019.

9.

Census 1911, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk and www.findmypast.co.uk). class:RG14 piece:10190 class:RG78 piece:535 registration district:196 sub-district:1 enumeration district:12 schedule:45. Cit. Date: 22 February 2019.

10.

1939 UK Register, (on-line at www.findmypast.co.uk). class:RG101 piece:1582K page:9 line:10 letter code:DDQJ. Cit. Date: 22 February 2019.

11.

Census 1871, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk and www.findmypast.co.uk). class:RG10 piece:1672 folio:22 page:2. Cit. Date: 5 December 2017.

12.

Census 1881, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk and www.findmypast.co.uk). 1881/1774/25/13.

13.

England and Wales Death Index 1837 - 2019, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk, www.findmypast.co.uk and www.gro.gov.uk). Maldon 1944 quarter:1 volume:4a page:1014.

14.

Andrew Bowtle personal communication. email. Cit. Date: 14 March 2003.

15.

Seax - Essex Record Office Parish Records, ( on-line at www.essexcc.gov.uk). Tillingham St. Nicholas burials 1935-1997 ref:D/P 237/1/21 image:10 page:15 entry:119. Cit. Date: 24 April 2021.

16.

Census 1881, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk and www.findmypast.co.uk). class:RG11 piece:1774/11/15.

17.

England and Wales Death Index 1837 - 2019, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk, www.findmypast.co.uk and www.gro.gov.uk). Maldon 1941 quarter:2 volume:4a page:1312.

18.

Seax - Essex Record Office Parish Records, ( on-line at www.essexcc.gov.uk). Tillingham St. Nicholas burials 1935-1997 ref:D/P 237/1/21 image:8 page:10 entry:80. Cit. Date: 24 April 2021.

19.

England and Wales Birth Index 1837 - 2019, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk, www.findmypast.co.uk and www.gro.gov.uk). Maldon 1885 quarter:1 volume:4a page:455. Cit. Date: 7 December 2017.

20.

Census 1911, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk and www.findmypast.co.uk). class:RG14 piece:10181 class:RG78 piece:535 registration district:196 sub-district:1 enumeration district:3 schedule:42. Cit. Date: 7 December 2017.

21.

England and Wales Birth Index 1837 - 2019, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk, www.findmypast.co.uk and www.gro.gov.uk). Maldon 1886 quarter:3 volume:4a page:451. Cit. Date: 7 December 2017.

22.

England and Wales Death Index 1837 - 2019, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk, www.findmypast.co.uk and www.gro.gov.uk). Rochford 1940 quarter:2 volume:4a page:1193.

23.

England and Wales Birth Index 1837 - 2019, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk, www.findmypast.co.uk and www.gro.gov.uk). Maldon 1888 quarter:1 volume:4a page:476. Cit. Date: 7 December 2017.

24.

Census 1911, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk and www.findmypast.co.uk). class:RG14 piece:10123 class:RG78 piece:533A registration district:195 sub-district:2 enumeration district:5 schedule:90. Cit. Date: 19 June 2020.

25.

Andrew Bowtle personal communication. visit to Harold. Cit. Date: 5 May 2003.

26.

England and Wales Death Index 1837 - 2019, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk, www.findmypast.co.uk and www.gro.gov.uk). Bedford 1919 quarter:2 volume:3b page:327. Cit. Date: 19 June 2020.

27.

Seax - Essex Record Office Parish Records, ( on-line at www.essexcc.gov.uk). Tillingham St. Nicholas burials 1892-1935 ref:D/P 237/1/14 image:24 page:unknown due to fire damage entry:343. Cit. Date: 19 June 2020.

28.

The Federation of Family History Societies, National Burial Index for England & Wales v.3, (2010 own copy). Tillingham St. Nicholas. Cit. Date: 19 June 2020.

29.

England and Wales Death Index 1837 - 2019, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk, www.findmypast.co.uk and www.gro.gov.uk). Maldon 1888 quarter:1 volume:4a page:281. Cit. Date: 7 December 2017.

30.

England and Wales Marriage Index 1837 - 2005, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk and www.findmypast.co.uk). Maldon 1914 quarter:3 volume:4a page:1603. Cit. Date: 4 March 2018.

31.

Census 1911, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk and www.findmypast.co.uk). class:RG14 piece:10129 class:RG78 piece:533A registration district:195 sub-district:2 enumeration district:17 schedule:205. Cit. Date: 14 November 2019.

32.

England and Wales Birth Index 1837 - 2019, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk, www.findmypast.co.uk and www.gro.gov.uk). Maldon 1890 quarter:4 page:445. Cit. Date: 22 February 2019.

33.

1939 UK Register, (on-line at www.findmypast.co.uk). class:RG101 piece:1582C page:7 line:18 letter code:DDQB. Cit. Date: 4 March 2018.

34.

England and Wales Death Index 1837 - 2019, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk, www.findmypast.co.uk and www.gro.gov.uk). Chelmsford 1984 quarter:3 register:884 volume:9 page:1667. Cit. Date: 15 November 2019.

35.

Ibid. Maldon 1892 quarter:3 volume:4a page:275. Cit. Date: 22 February 2019.

36.

England and Wales Birth Index 1837 - 2019, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk, www.findmypast.co.uk and www.gro.gov.uk). Maldon 1892 quarter:1 page:550. Cit. Date: 22 February 2019.

37.

Ibid. Maldon 1895 quarter:1 volume:4a page:587. Cit. Date: 6 July 2018.

38.

Marriage Certificate. Family Archive, Held by David and Sue Wilkinson.

39.

1939 UK Register, (on-line at www.findmypast.co.uk). class:RG101 piece:1531I page:18 line:13 letter code:DCFB. Cit. Date: 3 March 2018.

40.

Ancestry UK, British Army WWI Service Records 1914-1920, ( on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk).

41.

England and Wales Death Index 1837 - 2019, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk, www.findmypast.co.uk and www.gro.gov.uk). Rochford 1944 quarter:1 volume:4a page:925. Cit. Date: 3 March 2018.

42.

England and Wales Birth Index 1837 - 2019, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk, www.findmypast.co.uk and www.gro.gov.uk). Maldon 1897 quarter:2 volume:4a page:590. Cit. Date: 27 February 2018.

43.

England and Wales Death Index 1837 - 2019, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk, www.findmypast.co.uk and www.gro.gov.uk). Chelmsford 1981 quarter:2 volume:9 page:1777. Cit. Date: 23 February 2019.

44.

Deb Woollard personal communication. BDM.

45.

Find a Grave, ( on-line at www.findagrave.com). Tillingham St. Nicholas memorial ID:43374718. Cit. Date: 23 February 2019.

46.

England and Wales Marriage Index 1837 - 2005, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk and www.findmypast.co.uk). Maldon 1918 quarter:4 volume:4a page:1455. Cit. Date: 27 February 2018.

47.

Geoff Bowtle personal communication. letter. Cit. Date: 12 October 2000.

48.

1939 UK Register, (on-line at www.findmypast.co.uk). class:RG101 piece:1530C page:10 line:28 letter code:DCDG. Cit. Date: 27 February 2018.

49.

England and Wales Death Index 1837 - 2019, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk, www.findmypast.co.uk and www.gro.gov.uk). Maldon 1972 quarter:1 volume:4a page:2454. Cit. Date: 23 February 2019.

50.

England and Wales Birth Index 1837 - 2019, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk, www.findmypast.co.uk and www.gro.gov.uk). Maldon 1902 quarter:4 volume:4a page:738. Cit. Date: 17 October 2017.

51.

England and Wales Death Index 1837 - 2019, (on-line at www.ancestry.co.uk, www.findmypast.co.uk and www.gro.gov.uk). Chelmsford 1980 quarter:1 volume:9 page:1986. Cit. Date: 17 October 2017.